A focussed approach to reach out to the grameen swa-rozgaris or the self employed in the rural areas has been made by the Ministry Of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj under the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY).The objective of the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) is to bring the assisted poor families (Swarozgaries) above the Poverty Line by ensuring appreciable sustained level of income over a period of time. This objective is to be achieved by organizing the rural poor into Self Help Groups(SHGs) through the process of social mobilization, their training and capacity building and provision of income generating assets.
NEW INITIATIVES UNDER SGSY
The On going Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) will be re-designed and re-structured as National Livelihood Mission (NRLM). The idea has been conceived as a cornerstone of national poverty reduction strategy.
The objective of the Mission is to reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting diversified and gainful self-employment and wage employment opportunities which would lead to an appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis. In the long run, it will ensure broad based inclusive growth and reduce disparities by spreading out the benefits from the islands of growth across the regions, sectors and communities. The Mission has been designed to achieve the following ‘Outputs’ and ‘Outcomes’ by 2016-17.
Output and Outcome Targets for the NRLM : 2016-17
|Output/ Outcome Indicator
| Total target by 2016- 17
|1||Total number of new BPL SHGs to be formed||12.25||15.75**||28||280|
|2||No. of SHGs to be provided
Revolving Fund support
|3||No. of SHGs to be provided Capital Subsidy||5.25||10.75||16||160|
|4||No. of SHGs to be provided Interest Subsidy||10||12||22||220|
|5||No. of rural BPL youth to be provided Skill Development Training||15||60||75||75|
|1||No of SHGs to be entering at Micro enterprise level||5.25||10.75||16||160|
|2||No. of rural BPL youth to be provided placement support||15||60||75||75|
The objective of the Mission is to reduce poverty among rural BPL by promoting diversified and gainful self-employment and wage employment opportunities which would lead to an appreciable increase in income on sustainable basis. In the long run, it will ensure broad based inclusive growth and reduce disparities by spreading out the benefits from the islands of growth across the regions, sectors and communities.
The Governing Council will be the policy making body setting overall vision and direction to the Mission, consistent with the national objectives. It will lay down priorities and review overall progress and development of the Mission. The GC will be empowered to lay down and amend operational guidelines. However, the subsidy norms of the NRLM as approved by the Government shall in no circumstances be changed or exceeded for any of the Mission components. It will meet at least twice a year.
Credit mobilization target of Rs. 4443.91 crores has been fixed under SGSY for the year 2009-10. Upto November, 2009, credit amounting to Rs.2504.64 crores has been mobilised. There is substantial variation in the credit mobilization performance among the states. While Himachal Pradesh has achieved 95.48% of the credit mobilization target, Manipur has only achieved 1.08 % of the target. Union Territories of Daman & Diu, D&N Haveli and Lakhshadweep have not been able to mobilize any credit. During 2009-10 upto Nov, 2009, 56.36 % of the target of credit mobilization was achieved. The States/UTs which have achieved less than the national average are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Haryana, J & K, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal and all UTs. State Governments are requested to give the feedback on their respective performance with regard to the credit mobilization up to November, 2009.
SETTING UP SUBCOMMITTEES ON MATTERS CONCERNING SGSY UNDER SLBC
The High Level Committee to review the lead bank scheme constituted by RBI has made a very important recommendation to form sub committees within SLBC to discuss important issues including credit disbursement under SGSY which otherwise do not get adequate attention in the SLBC meetings. Ministry of Rural Development supports his recommendation and it is suggested that a sub-committee can be constituted to deliberate upon issues concerning SGSY such as credit flow and establishment of RSETIs. After detailed deliberations, this sub-committee can make recommendations to SLBC. SLBC should ensure that the issues highlighted by the sub-committees are resolved forthwith.
RUral Self Employment and Training Institute (RSETI)
Ministry of Rural Development in association with NIRD would endeavour to set up at least 200 RSETIs during 2009-10.
So far the MoRD has sanctioned 110 RSETIs during the year 2008-09. An amount of Rs.104.69 crores had been released to NIRD in March 2009 for this purpose. As on 3.12.009, NIRD has released funds to the tune of Rs.21.26 crores in respect of 67 RSETIs. This includes infrastructure fund in respect of 38 RSETIs and hiring charges in respect of 29 RSETIs. On 11.12.2009, NIRD has conveyed approval for release of Rs.4.40 crores, which includes infrastructure fund in respect of 4 RSETIs and hiring charges in respect of 4 RSETIs. During the year 2009-10, infrastructure funds in respect of 14 RSETIs and hiring charges in respect of 14 RSETIs have been released by MoRD to NIRD. 43 RSETIs are currently functioning from hired premises. State Government have allotted land at 23 places so far. Banks have got their own land at 23 places. At 2 places the land has been gifted by NGOs for setting up RSETIs. At remaining places, only in principle approval for land allotment has been given by the State Government. A decision has been taken that beyond 31st March, 2010, no further expenditure on payment of rent would be permitted unless land is allotted for RSETIs by State Governments.
CONVERGENCE OF SGSY WITH ICAR
The Ministry of Rural Development has taken up a major initiative of bringing about convergence in the implementation of the programs of the Ministry of Rural Development and Indian Council Agricultural Research (ICAR). Realizing that the DRDAs and PRIs implementing the programs of SGSY and MGNREGA often suffered from inadequate scientific and technological inputs during planning and implementation of the schemes, after number of high level interface meeting between MoRD and ICAR, it has been decided that appropriate technological backstopping would be provided to these schemes by Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) of ICAR at ground level for sustainable development in the rural areas.Initially, 50 districts have been selected on pilot basis and guidelines in this regard have been issued to the Chief Secretaries of the States and Secretaries of State Rural Development Department. A letter has also been issued on 21.1.2009 to the Project Directors of 50 pilot districts along with copy of the guidelines of convergence to take follow up action.
The new initiatives along with the implementation of Swarna Jayanti Grameen Swarozgar Yojana in mission mode as the proposed National Rural Livelihood Mission(NRLM) with a more focused and participatory SHG approach will go a long way towards enhancing the self esteem of the rural poor through community action. Interactions in group meetings and collective decision making enables them in identification and prioritization of their needs and resources. This process would ultimately lead to the strengthening and socio-economic empowerment of the rural poor as well as improve the collective bargaining power of the rural masses.